Priority global health issues and health related Post-2015 development goals/targets/indicators
Global Health deals with issues affecting health that cannot be resolved by one country or agency working alone. It demands the creative engagement and commitment of many different bodies including governments, international agencies, civil society and the private sector. Global public health is impacted upon by a variety of strategies and policies, at the local, the national and the international levels, and is concerned with the biological, economic, environmental and social determinants of health that affect us all as global citizens, whether in high-, middle- or low income countries.
The full enjoyment of the right to health is critical for the enjoyment of other human rights. Good health is thus an end in itself and it plays an integral role in human capabilities and well-being. Health is central to sustainable development and to economic development and health is both a beneficiary of and a contributor to development. Health is also a key indicator of what people-centred, rights-based, inclusive, and equitable development seeks to achieve.
Today, health is on the radar of Heads of State because it has become integral to at least three global agendas:
Security—driven by the fear of global pandemics or the intentional spread of pathogens and an increase in humanitarian conflicts, natural disasters, and emergencies;
Economic—concerned not only with the economic effect of poor health on development or for example of infectious disease outbreaks on the global market place but also the gain from the growing global market in health goods and services;
Social justice—reinforcing health as a social value, human right and essential component of human security, supporting the United Nations Millennium Development Goals and the Post-2015 development agenda, advocating for access to medicines and primary health care at an affordable cost, and calling for high income countries to invest in a broad range of global health initiatives.
Thus, it is no longer Ministries of Health alone who design policies for health, but increasingly, Ministries of Foreign Affairs, of Finance, Home Affairs and Defence are taking an active role. In order to increase strategy and policy coherence, it is important to understand the range of interests that governments have in global health: this will help to identify the policy space for public health.
This sub-theme will consider how health is prioritized or de-prioritized and address the underlying challenges for policy coherence at the various levels of governance (local, national and global) as well as to identify the policy space to address key equity issues.